3DBODY.TECH 2017 - Paper 17.312

K. Khalili and M. Zeraatkar, "Design and Development of a Rotary 3D Scanner for Human Body Scanning", in Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2017 - 8th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Montreal QC, Canada, 11-12 Oct. 2017, pp. 312-318, doi:10.15221/17.312.

Title:

Design and Development of a Rotary 3D Scanner for Human Body Scanning

Authors:

Khalil KHALILI, Mojtaba ZERAATKAR

University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

Abstract:

In recent years, reverse engineering industry has experienced remarkable overhaul owing to the advancements in electronic and optic industries. 3D scan technology finds new applications ranging from industrial to common everyday subjects. One of its applications is in the field of 3D scanning of human body. Human scanning is of complicated items for modeling due to non-rigidity and large time interval required for entire body measurement. Human scanning has different applications in the fields of sculpturing, medicine, sports, clothing and security. There are limited number of commercial scanners in the field of human body scanning and are generally categorized into two groups depending on the utilization of laser technology or image for extracting the geometric parameters. A variety of companies offer laser systems, although they are often costly. With regard to human scanning, it must be noted that some scanners may be hazardous or dangerous for human due to their special lighting (such as laser). Plus, individuals mentally prefer not to be exposed to laser radiation. Hence, image-based scanners are more acceptable for human scanning. This paper presents the design and manufacture of a rotary 3D scanner for human scanning which employs the structure from motion method to extract 3D data from the object. The system employs typical inexpensive camera and lighting source, as a result of which the system is very low cost. The design process to create a 3D scanning system that is presented in this paper may be categorized into three general sections. First section includes the design and creation of physical structure of the system, second section includes the electronic components of system, and the third section is the system software. The scanner uses 2D images to extract the 3D model. For image capturing and their quick transmission to the server, relevant camera and boards were utilized. The boards together with the cameras should be mounted in certain positions relative to the object, and they should have 360 of rotary freedom to be capable of capturing images from the object. The design and production process has been carried out in the University of Birjand.

Details:

Full paper: 17.312.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2017, 11-12 Oct. 2017, Montreal QC, Canada
Pages: 312-318
DOI: 10.15221/17.312

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