K. Karavaev and M. I. Truphanov, "Multisensor Optical-Electronic Device for Calculation of Surface Parameters of the 3D Curvelinear Object", in Proc. of 7th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2016, pp. 279-285, doi:10.15221/16.279.
Multisensor Optical-Electronic Device for Calculation
of Surface Parameters of the 3D Curvelinear Object
Konstantin KARAVAEV, Maxim I. TRUPHANOV
Silver Research Laboratory, Los Angeles (CA), USA
The research covers the operation principles and structure functional organization of specialized optical-electronic device for calculation of a volumetric object.
The purpose of the device is to build the 3D plane, which with the given degree of precision approximates the surface of the top and nape sections of a human head intended for implication in the production of customized head wear and elements of protective clothing or for other similar tasks related to the analysis of the 3D object shape.
The proposed device provides the ability to build the 3D model of an object under study by acquiring and analyzing the series of images of its surface continuously acquired from three or four optical-electronic sensors throughout the measurement process. The number of the optical-electronic sensors depends on the configuration of the optical-electronic device. Optical-electronic sensors organized in a given order relative to each other constitute a unified system, which in its turn is to be placed in the prescribed range of positions in relation to the head.
In order to simplify the procedure and enhance the accuracy of calculation of special coordinates for a set of points of the object surface and reduce the computational complexity of the developed algorithms we use the tight-fitting contact hat consisting of a set of special contrast markers., which is to be put on the head.
The following beneficial features of the proposed method and the optical-electronic device have the following beneficial features: (i) no strict requirements to interrelated positioning of the analyzed object and the system of the optical-electronic sensors; (ii) possibility to use commercially available web cameras as optical-electronic sensors; and (iii) no structurally complex and moving mechanical elements, which allow its mass use with no reduction in the accuracy of calculated point coordinates on the surface of an object required for practical tasks.
The experiments we conducted showed that depending on the interrelated position of the device and the analyzed object our optical-electronic device gives the calculation error of the 3D coordinates of about ±2 to ±7 mm, which is sufficient for practical tasks.
© Hometrica Consulting - Dr. Nicola D'Apuzzo, Switzerland, www.hometrica.ch.
Reproduction of the proceedings or any parts thereof (excluding short quotations for the use in the preparation of reviews and technical and scientific papers) may be made only after obtaining the specific approval of the publisher. The papers appearing in the proceedings reflect the author's opinions. Their inclusion in these publications does not necessary constitute endorsement by the editor or by the publisher. Authors retain all rights to individual papers.