W. Lee et al., "3D Scan to Product Design: Methods, Techniques, and Cases", in Proc. of 6th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2015, pp. 168-174, doi:10.15221/15.168.
3D Scan to Product Design: Methods, Techniques, and Cases
Wonsup LEE 1, Baekhee LEE 2, Sungho KIM 2, Hayoung JUNG 2, Eunjin JEON 2, Teukgyu CHOI 3, Heecheon YOU 2
1 Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands;
2 Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Korea;
3 Humanopia Inc., Pohang, Korea
3D scanning technology has derived great opportunities for ergonomic product designs. This paper is aimed to introduce various research cases and methods based on 3D scanning have conducted by an ergonomics laboratory in South Korea. Sizing systems and representative 3D models developed based on anthropometric measurements and 3D scan images with technical know-how were applied to the design of various products. Head, face, ear, upper limb, and waist parts, and full body in seated posture were anthropometrically analyzed for the design of headwear (e.g., helmet, goggle, and headphone), oxygen mask, earphone, arm-wear (e.g., watch, armband), hip protector, and vehicle seat, respectively. Customized software for the efficient analyses such as measurement of anthropometric dimensions, analysis of sizing systems, extraction of representative models, and virtual fit evaluation between products and the body were developed and applied in the product design process with massive 3D scan images. Representative models (e.g., torso and head) were printed in 3D for effective usage to the design and evaluation of related products. Advanced methods and techniques such as finite element modeling, morphing, and skin deformation have been applied to 3D scanned images for an advanced design of product shapes in further researches.
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