P. E. Zwane, "Apparel Fit Assessment Using Parametric Models", in Proc. of 6th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2015, pp. 29-33, doi:10.15221/15.029.
Apparel Fit Assessment Using Parametric Models
Pinkie E. ZWANE
University of Swaziland (UNISWA), Textiles, Apparel Design & Management, Luyengo, Swaziland
Apparel fit is a concern not only to apparel manufacturers who endeavour to produce better fitting ready-to- wear apparel, but it is also crucial to apparel retailers, who strive to sell satisfactory apparel products to consumers, that fit well. Better fitting apparel will help increase sales and reduce returns of ill-fitting
garments. Apparel fit is how well a garment conforms to the 3D of the human body. It mostly entailed appearance and comfort assessments that are highly subjective and led to the satisfaction of consumers with an apparel in a still position. In functional clothing, apparel fit also factors the ability to accommodate movement of the body. With most fashionable garments, fit can be categorized into three: tailored fit which is described as perfect fit, body con (tight) fit aimed at showing off the wearer\u2019s curves and oversize fit, for intentionally loose garments.
For the above described fit to be achieved, it corresponds to the amount of ease included during the pattern making and construction of the garment. For tailored fit, wearing ease is included; for body hugging or tight fitting garments, wearing and design ease are excluded, and for the oversize fit, design ease is included. Most conducted studies on garment fit are mainly on the tailored fit, where the apparel skims the contours of the body and is eased in all the right places to achieve a perfect fit.
Given the subjective nature of fit assessment, where expert panellists have been used to generate good data, attempts of objective assessments have been introduced through virtual fitting applications with colour indicators to show tight fitting areas of the garment that need alteration. Garment simulation enables designers, pattern makers and apparel manufacturers to present style decisions, test the fit of a garment in less time than actual sewing and share the results instantly, without expensive sewing and shipping costs. Virtual apparel fitting allows consumers to visualise how garments look like when worn without physically wearing them. Many pattern makers use 3D garment simulation to test their pattern blocks and while drafting the pattern, to ensure that the drape and general fit of the garment are correct.
Virtual fitting has also paved a way for increased e-shopping, a retailing option that has gained popularity in recent years. The available computer aided design and manufacturing software packages have different capabilities. Hence the use of the garment simulation software will be discussed in the pilot project done in South Africa. The purpose of the study was to explore the capability of the Optitex software package in assessing fit on parametric models. The pilot project was guided by the following objectives: to determine the ease of using the software package in assessing fit virtually, and to assess fit of simple styled skirts using different fabrics for the benefit of the apparel manufacturing and retailing sectors.
© Hometrica Consulting - Dr. Nicola D'Apuzzo, Switzerland, www.hometrica.ch.
Reproduction of the proceedings or any parts thereof (excluding short quotations for the use in the preparation of reviews and technical and scientific papers) may be made only after obtaining the specific approval of the publisher. The papers appearing in the proceedings reflect the author's opinions. Their inclusion in these publications does not necessary constitute endorsement by the editor or by the publisher. Authors retain all rights to individual papers.