S.M. Shariff et al., "Development of a Foot Sizing System for Malaysian Women", in Proc. of 5th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2014, pp. 93-98, doi:10.15221/14.093.
Development of a Foot Sizing System for Malaysian Women
Shaliza Mohd Shariff 1,6,7,, Yii Bonn Bong 1, Asma Ahmad Shariff 1,3, Makiko Kouchi 4, Kozo Kimura 5, Amir Feisal Merican 1,2, Omar bin Mohd Rijal 8, Norliza Mohd Noor 9
1 Centre of Research for Computational Sciences and Informatics in Biology, Bio industry, Environment, Agriculture and Healthcare, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
2 Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
3 Centre for Foundation Studies in Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
4 Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan;
5 I-Ware Laboratory Co., Ltd, Minoh City, Osaka, Japan;
6 Institute Postgraduate Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
7 Fashion Department, Faculty of Art & Design, University Technology MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia;
8 Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia;
9 School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, University of Technology, Malaysia, Campus Jalan Semarak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
In this study we used the INFOOT USB 3D scanning system (I- Ware Laboratory Co., Ltd, Japan) to collect foot size data measurement. Based on this study, we used five measurement definitions based on their anatomical landmarks: foot length, ball girth, instep length, foot breadth, and fibulare instep length. The reliability and accuracy of the observers were evaluated using intra- and inter- observer errors measurement. Accuracy of the measurement is based on Technical Error Measurement (TEM). A TEM value of less than 2 mm for the determined landmarks is considered accurate and consistent. Result from the experiment showed that the reliability is between 93.3% and 98.3%, respectively thus, foot-landmarking was consistent and reliable. We hope to develop a new shoe sizing system based on the Malaysian women's foot sizes and shapes, and to replace the current sizing system used in the country. This research will eventually advocate the interest and needs of shoe manufacturers to produce women footwear based on the new sizing system and ensure customer satisfaction for shoe size and shoe fitting.
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