C. P. Guimaraes et al., "Functional Postures Assumed by Elderly People on Daily Activities - A Pilot Study for Interior Home Design", in Proc. of 4th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Long Beach CA, USA, 2013, pp. 476-480, http://dx.doi.org/10.15221/13.476.
Functional Postures Assumed by Elderly People on Daily Activities - A Pilot Study for Interior Home Design
Carla P. GUIMARAES 1, Flavia C.H. PASTURA 1, Maria C.P. ZAMBERLAN 1, Gloria L. CID 1, Denise BATISTA 1, P. STREIT 1, Mariana FRAGA 1, Jose OLIVEIRA 1, Marcelo P. FERREIRA 1, V. SANTOS 1,2
1 National Institute of Technology (INT), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
2 PUC RIO, Departamento de Engenharia Industrial, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The main purpose of this study was to scan elderly people in home activities postures selected according to frequency, difficulty in maintaining and safety, in order to create a functional postures database to be applied on interior home design. In the last 10 years the elderly proportion in the Brazilian population has had a marked growth. The percentage of people over 60 years increased from 8.6% in 2000 to 10.8% in 2010. In this context, falls are one of the most serious consequences of aging recognized as an important public health problem due to incidence, to health complications and to high assistance cost. Physical dependency and psychological troubles are common consequences for elderly people after home accidents due to loss of independence and loss of self esteem. The functional postures database will be used to study interior home lay-outs in order to improve safety and avoid hazardous workload postures at home. In the first phase of the study 10 women and 01 man were interviewed and scanned simulating daily activities postures. On a second phase elderly people movements' will be captured through motion capture technology in home environments. Partial result analysis indicated the adoption of common postures, for example: on getting something from the floor, a forward trunk bending posture was mostly performed, instead of a knee flexion posture. The importance of this study is in understanding how to implement new interior lay-out design guidelines and to aid prevention programs in nursing-home institutions aiming to improve the elderly population's quality of life and safety. This pilot study is part of two research studies supported by FAPERJ - Rio de Janeiro Research Support Agency.
elderly people, functional postures, 3D body scan, home interior design
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