S. Clarkson et al., "Calculating Body Segment Inertia Parameters from a Single Rapid Scan Using the Microsoft Kinect", in Proc. of 3rd Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2012, pp. 153-163, http://dx.doi.org/10.15221/12.153.
Calculating Body Segment Inertia Parameters from a Single Rapid Scan Using the Microsoft Kinect
Sean CLARKSON, Simon CHOPPIN, John HART, Ben HELLER, Jon WHEAT
Centre for Sports Engineering Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK
Many biomechanical analyses rely on the availability of reliable body segment inertia parameter (BSIP) estimates. Current processes to obtain these estimates involve many time consuming manual measurements of the human body, used in conjunction with models or equations. While such methods have become the accepted standard they contain many inherent errors arising from manual measurement and significant assumptions made in the underlying data used to form the models and equations. Presented here is an alternative approach to obtaining reliable estimates of body segment inertia parameters through the use of the Microsoft Kinect sensor. A 3D scanning system was developed, comprising four Kinects aligned to a single global coordinate system using rigid body calibration and random sample consensus (RANSAC) optimisation. The system offers the advantage of obtaining BSIP estimates in a single scanning operation of around three seconds, much quicker than the circa thirty minutes of manual measurements required for existing BSIP estimation methods. The results obtained with the system show a mean error of 0.04% and a standard deviation of 2.11% in volumetric measurements of a torso manikin, suggesting comparable and in many cases, greater accuracy volumetric estimates than a commonly used geometric BSIP model. Further work is needed to extend this study to include a full range of BSIP measurements across more of the bodies segments and to include scanning of living human subjects. However, this initial study suggests great potential for a low cost system that can provide quick and accurate subject specific BSIP estimates.
Anthropometrics, body measurement, 3D body scanning, body segment inertia parameters, rigid transformation, geometric models, Kinect, RANSAC
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