T. Domina and P. Kinnicutt, "The Effects of Short-Term Exercise on Anthropometric Measurements", in Proc. of 2nd Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2011, pp. 255-261, http://dx.doi.org/10.15221/11.255.
The Effects of Short-Term Exercise on Anthropometric Measurements
Tanya DOMINA, Patrick KINNICUTT
Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant (MI), USA
Currently in the United States, one in four adults is considered either overweight or obese and efforts are underway by U.S. government agencies and health professionals to encourage adults to take control of their health status; including more exercise and dietary changes. In response, a new exercise program called "boot camp" has been introduced in communities across the U.S. The boot camps are a series of short-term programs 4 weeks in duration and are modeled after military basic training for new recruits, or boot camp. During these four weeks, participants undergo a rigorous cardiovascular, weight training and dietary program. For this study, 62 subjects participated in a series of boot camps in Mount Pleasant, Michigan, USA. These subjects, in coordination with the boot camp instructor, were body scanned before and after completing the program. This allowed the participants to determine where anthropometric changes occurred in their somatotypes. This paper discusses the temporal changes in anthropometric measurements obtained from a 3D body scanner and a medical-grade scale as a result of a rigorous exercise and dietary program. Of the 74 subjects, 5 were male and 69 were female, and ages ranged from 18 to 58 at the time of the boot camp program. Pre-program BMIs for female subjects ranged from 19.5 to 41.1 and for male participants 26.2 to 32.4. The female subjects lost an average of 2.5 kilograms during the 4 week period, while males lost an average of 5.4 kilograms. On average, the female subjects lost 2.54 cm and men lost 4.1 cm in belly circumference. Pre- versus post-body scanning results indicated that the change in belly circumference is correlated with the change in BMI for both genders (r=0.46 for females, r=0.75 for males). This paper presents the protocol and other statistics describing how the results of changes in somatotypes as a result of an exercise program can be captured by body scanning technology. In addition, this paper explores how people attempting to alter their body shape, such as professional athletes gaining weight or persons in weight loss programs, can measure their progress from the scans. 3D body scans may be much more affirming and motivating to an individual trying to reduce or reshape their body, especially when weight stays the same or is slow to change.
3d body scanning, exercise anthropometric
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