C. Lovato et al., "3D Digital Anthropometry Using the BodySCAN", in Proc. of 1st Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2010, pp. 259-263, http://dx.doi.org/10.15221/10.259.
3D Digital Anthropometry Using the BodySCAN
Christian LOVATO 1, Chiara MILANESE 1,2, Andrea GIACHETTI 3, Carlo ZANCANARO 1,2
1 Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Italy;
2 Faculty of Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Italy;
3 Department of Informatics, University of Verona, Italy
Over the last several years a number of three-dimensional (3D) anthropometric studies have been performed using fast and contact free measurements by using 3D whole-body scanners. Several 3D scanners are available on the market with a potential for anthropometry; these devices are usually developed using laser or Moiré-fringing-based technologies. In the former a laser stripe is projected onto the body surface and images acquired by several cameras: in this way 3D points representing the body shape can be recovered by triangulation. Examples of this kind are the scanners developed by Cyberware, Hamamatsu, Vitronic or Human Solutions.
In this work we evaluated a new 3D whole-body scanner using structured white light- the Breuckmann BodySCAN - for performance in anthropometric measurement. Twelve young adults (6 men and 6 women; age, 22,7±2,16 yrs; height, 168,2±7,38 cm; body mass 61,5±6,16 kg) underwent both manual and 3D anthropometry (25 measurements) wearing close-fitting underwear.
Duplicate manual measurements taken by one experienced anthropometrist showed correlation coefficients r ranging 0.975-0.999; their means were significantly different in four out of 25 measurements by Student's t test. Duplicate digital measurements taken by one experienced anthropometrist and two naïve anthropometrists showed individual correlation coefficients r ranging 0.975-0.999 and means were significantly different in one out of 25 measurements. Most measurements taken by the experienced anthropometrist in the manual and digital mode showed significant correlation (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging 0.855-0.995, p<0.0001). It is concluded that the Breuckmann BodyScan is a reliable and effective tool for digital anthropometry.
3d body scanning, anthropometry, correlation, reliability
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