G. Cavagnini et al., "3D Optical Body Scanning: Application to Forensic Medicine and to Maxillofacial Reconstruction", in Proc. of 1st Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2010, pp. 167-178, http://dx.doi.org/10.15221/10.167.
3D Optical Body Scanning: Application to Forensic Medicine and to Maxillofacial Reconstruction
Gianluca CAVAGNINI, Giovanna SANSONI, Angelo VERTUAN, Franco DOCCHIO
Laboratory of Optoelectronics, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
This paper reports the results of the experience carried out at our Laboratory in the fields of forensic medicine and of maxillofacial reconstruction. Optical 3D digitizers have been used in the tests. The point clouds have been edited and modeled following suitable reverse engineering and rapid prototyping methodologies. The aim in the forensic application was to assess the feasibility of these techniques in view of the in-situ documentation of crime scenes. In particular, it was considered of interest to acquire and model the scene before its removal, and to measure the victim body during post mortem examination. The aim in maxillofacial reconstruction was to develop an efficient process for fabricating the prosthetic element, avoiding patient stress and optimizing both the aesthetical appearance and the functionality of the prosthesis.
forensic medicine, prosthetic reconstruction, maxillofacial defects, 3D optical measurement, reverse engineering, rapid prototyping
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